Why do I have Knee Pain?
To get a better idea of why your knee hurts, let’s take a look at how it works. Your knee is the largest joint in your body and it works a lot like a hinge. Three bones come together to form the joint: the lower end of the thigh bone (the femur), the upper end of the shin bone (the tibia), and then the knee cap (the patella) right above where the long bones meet. Tough bands called ligaments help keep everything in place and stable.
Cartilage provides cushioning, keeps bones from rubbing together, and absorbs the shock of walking, running, and jumping. Your body also produces a natural lubricating fluid called synovium that minimizes friction in the joint. When everything is working smoothly, you don’t have to think about the mechanics of your knee. When something’s wrong, it can feel debilitating.
anatomy of the knee
Talk to Dr. Chandrasekaran?
At your first appointment, your Dr. Chandrasekaran will likely ask you about when and where your knee hurts to assess what’s going on. He’ll ask you to bend and turn to replicate the movements that may be causing you pain. Dr. Chandrasekaran may also ask you to have an additional diagnostic test, like an X-ray or an MRI.
Pain relief doesn’t always mean surgery. Dr. Chandrasekaran may recommend a combination of treatments to alleviate your pain and help you get moving again.
Why does my knee hurt?
You rely on your knees to walk, bend, and turn, so your knees get a workout every day, whether you exercise or not. Your knee may hurt following an acute injury with damage to ligament, cartilage or bone. Your knee may also feel pain due wear and tear.
What can I do?
Talk to Dr. Chandrasekaran’s team. They’ll typically manage your knee pain caused by arthritis by first recommending non-surgical treatments, such as medication, physical therapy or a brace. But sometimes that’s just not enough, and Dr. Chandrasekaran’s team may recommend surgery.
Common ways a knee injury occurs
Trauma is the leading cause of knee injury. Falls, twisting injuries and collisions during sports cause damage to the bones, joint cartilage, muscles, tendons and ligaments of the knee.
Repetitive use is a common cause of knee injuries. People whose occupations require a large amount of kneeling, climbing, squatting or stooping are particularly susceptible to the development of knee pain. Athletes who play sports that require sudden changes of direction or jumping are at increased risk of knee injuries.
Over time, our bodies age. Inflammation from “wear and tear” of the joints results in arthritis. The meniscus is susceptible to degeneration over time, resulting in pain caused by small tears. Chronic inflammation of the tendons may predispose them to rupture.