Healing after an injury involves a well-orchestrated and complex series of events where proteins in the blood act as messengers to regulate the entire process. Many proteins involved in the healing process are recovered from small fragments in the blood called platelets. Platelets are small, colorless cell fragments present in the blood. They are formed in the bone marrow and are freely passing through the bloodstream in a resting state. However, when an injury occurs, the platelets become activated and start to gather at the injury site to release beneficial proteins called growth factors. This is the beginning of the healing process. For many years, blood components derived from the patient and then delivered to the site of injury have created growing interest for use in orthopedic procedures. New research and technology has expanded the application of this therapy for use in orthopedic procedures.
There may be some benefit in the use of blood products in the treatment of tendon disorders and arthritis.
What is platelet-rich plasma (PRP)?
PRP (Also known as ACP - Autologous Conditioned Plasma) is a concentration of platelets and growth factors created from a small amount of your own blood. Increased levels of growth factors have the potential to improve signaling and recruitment of cells. This concentrated portion of the blood is often referred to as PRP.
How does the PRP process work?
Dr. Chandrasekaran will collect a small amount of blood. This sample then goes through a rapid spinning process that separates and concentrates the platelets and other beneficial growth factors from blood. The entire PRP production process is usually done in less than 30 minutes.
Am I a candidate for treatment?
Dr. Chandrasekaran will discuss whether PRP is an appropriate treatment for your condition. If you are taking anti-inflammatory medications or blood thinners, you may be required to temporarily discontinue the use of these until your treatment has taken place.
What are the risks associated with this treatment?
Platelet therapy uses your body’s own natural properties to treat your injury. Side effects from utilizing platelet treatments are very uncommon. There may be a small risk of side effects associated with the injection such as transient pain, inflammation and infection. The improvement following PRP is variable and is dependent on age and severity of the condition to be treated